Cannabis is an exceptionally rich source of cannabinoids – organic chemical compounds that affect the endocannabinoid system of man. More than 100 such compounds have already been discovered in cannabis. Among them THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol) stand out in the foreground – most often they become the subject of interest of scientists and their properties are best researched. Both of these compounds are present in cannabis and normal cannabis, but in different proportions.
From a chemical point of view, THC and CBD do not differ much. They are structural isomers – their chemical composition is identical, and they are written in the same formula. They also have an equal molecular weight. The difference is hidden in the system of atoms – both compounds have a cyclic structure, i.e. they consist of rings In CBD an open ring connects with hydroxyl and alkyl groups, THC has a closed ring with ester group. It would seem that this detail will not interest anyone except chemical enthusiasts, if not for the fact that it is this one that decides about a completely different physiological action of both compounds.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main cannabinoid found in cannabis. It is a psychoactive substance that acts through cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2.
Characteristics of THC:
- enhances appetite
- relaxes the body and muscles
- puts you in a state of euphoria
- stimulates the senses
- accelerates the heart rate
- introduces in a state of psychosis
- disturbs memory and concentration
- impairs operational coordination
Research has shown that THC works as an antiemetic, sleeping and pain reliever. t is also used in the symptomatic treatment of diseases associated with severe pain, such as rheumatism or arthritis, and relieves muscle spasms, such as multiple sclerosis. Due to its antiemetic properties, it improves the quality of life of AIDS patients and people struggling with chemotherapy side effects. It also lowers intraocular pressure, preventing glaucoma.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the second most important cannabinoid in cannabis. As opposed to its isomer, tetrahydrocannabinol, it has no psychoactive effect, but affects the course of intoxication associated with THC. Cannabidiol has an antipsychotic effect and is used, among others, in the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy in children.
Characteristics of CBD:
- improves mood
- alleviates the symptoms of depression
- has an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect
- helps in the treatment of many diseases: diabetes, psoriasis, AD and others
- protects against cancer
- doesn’t interfere with the reception of the present
- relieves migraine headaches, symptoms of PMS
Research conducted by scientists all over the world has also shown that CBD treats seizures and can therefore be used to treat epilepsy. It is used in psychiatry, has an anti-anxiety and antipsychotic effect. and antidepressant. Like THC, it relieves pain and has an anti-inflammatory effect. But that’s not all – cannabidiole therapy raises great hopes for oncology. This compound is supposed to prevent metastases and destroy cancer cells, saving healthy tissues. Everything points to the fact that it may be of great importance in the fight against cancer. with Alzheimer’s disease.
Why is CBD more often used in medicine than THC?
THC is an illegal product with long-term effects, such as mental disorders, reduced decision-making ability, as well as heart and brain abnormalities (long-term use).
CBD doesn’tt show any side effects, additionally it prevents the occurrence of side effects of THC consumption. Scientists are currently creating strains of plants that contain more CBD than THC because of the side effects caused by THC. CBD is therefore a much better alternative to treatment or therapy due to the absence of risk.